Automated evaluation of normal uptake in different skeletal parts using 18F-sodium fluoride (NaF) PET/CT using a new convolutional neural network method
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2017

Introduction: Understanding normal skeletal uptake of 18F-sodium fluoride (18F-NaF) in positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is important for clinical interpretation. Quantification of tracer uptake in PET/CT is often performed by placing a volume of interest (VOI) to measure standard uptake values (SUVs). Manual placement of this VOI requires a subjective decision and can only measure uptake in a specific part of the bone. The aim of this study was to investigate normal 18F-NaF skeletal activity in patients with prostate cancer at a stage of the disease prior to development of bone metastases, by using a new method that quantifies uptake in entire skeletal parts.
Material and Methods: Patients with biopsy-verified high-risk prostate cancer and a negative or inconclusive bone scintigraphy and no metastatic lesions on 18F-NaF PET/CT (performed March 2008 - June 2010) were retrospectively included (n=48). Whole-body PET scans were acquired 1-1.5 h after i.v. injection of 4 MBq/kg 18F-NaF (max 400 MBq). CT scans were obtained immediately after the PET scan. Thoracic and lumbar vertebrae, sacrum,
pelvis, ribs, scapulae, clavicles and sternum were automatically segmented in the CT images, using a method based on a convolutional neural network, to obtain the volume of each skeletal region. The network was trained using a separate group of CT scans with manual segmentations. Mean and maximum SUV (SUVmean and SUVmax) were subsequently measured for each skeletal part in the PET scans.
Results: Average (SD) SUVmean for the skeletal regions were: Thoracic vertebrae 0.98 (0.20), lumbar vertebrae 0.96 (0.19), sacrum 0.75 (0.15), pelvis 0.73 (0.16), ribs 0.41 (0.11), scapulae 0.46 (0.11), clavicles 0.50 (0.16) and sternum 0.61 (0.13). Average (SD) SUVmax for the skeletal regions were: Thoracic vertebrae 1.95 (0.66), lumbar vertebrae 2.10 (0.78), sacrum 2.22 (0.77), pelvis 1.99 (0.82), ribs 1.19 (0.35), scapulae 1.94 (0.98), clavicles 2.00 (1.03) and sternum 1.68 (0.44).
Conclusion: We present a new method to segment and quantify uptake in skeletal regions in 18F-NaF PET/CT. Various parts of the bone have different SUVs in patients with regional prostate cancer. Vertebrae and pelvis have higher SUVs than ribs. The highest SUVmax were found in the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae. The findings are of importance for interpretation of 18F-NaF PET/CT.


May Sadik

Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset

Sarah Lindgren Belal

Lunds universitet

Reza Kaboteh

Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset

Olof Enqvist

Chalmers, Signaler och system, Signalbehandling och medicinsk teknik

Johannes Ulén

Eigenvision AB

Henrik Kjölhede

Lunds universitet

Ola Bratt

Lunds universitet

Lars Edenbrandt

Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset

Elin Trägårdh

Lunds universitet

European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging

1619-7070 (ISSN) 1619-7089 (eISSN)

Vol. 44 Supplement 2


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