Location choice for renewable resource extraction with multiple non-cooperative extractors: a spatial Nash equilibrium model and numerical implementation
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018

Especially in lower-income countries, the distribution of renewable resources in open
access settings often reflects the non-cooperative spatial extraction decisions of many
individuals who spread out across a landscape. These individuals recognize trade-
offs between distance to the resource, density, and competition amongst extractors.
In this paper we present a game theoretic model that explicitly accommodates such
explicitly spatial non-cooperative behavior with respect to the extraction of a station-
ary renewable natural resource, such as a non-timber forest products or bivalvia (for
example, oysters, clams), that is located in a two dimensional landscape. Villagers that
have identical labor allocations and preferences are shown to undertake very different
extraction pathways in equilibrium. For example, some may extract in more congested
patches closer to the village while others may extract in less crowded but more dis-
tant patches. For many parameterizations, we find multiple spatial Nash equilibria
that differ with respect to the number of villagers at each resource location, whether
individual villagers extract from one or multiple locations, and the extent and spatial
pattern of resource degradation. In addition to finding equilibria with widely different
actions taken by identical extractors, the analysis here demonstrates the impact of sim-
plifying assumptions for spatial decisions on predictions of policy impact, resource
distributions, and conflict.

Spatial equilibrium

Non-timber forest products

Spatial game

Natural resource extraction

Optimal pathways

Resource patterns


Elizabeth JZ Robinson

University of Reading

Heidi J Albers

University of Wyoming

Erik Sterner

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Fysisk resursteori

Letters in Spatial and Resource Sciences

1864-4031 (ISSN)


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