Circuit QED with a quantum-dot charge qubit dressed by Cooper pairs
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018
Coupling double-quantum-dot circuits to microwave cavities provides a powerful means to control, couple, and manipulate qubits based on the charge or spin of individual electrons. Here, we revisit this standard configuration by adding superconductivity to the circuit. We combine theory and experiment to study a superconductor-double-quantum-dot circuit coupled to microwave cavity photons. First, we use the cavity as a spectroscopic probe. This allows us to determine the low-energy spectrum of the device and to reveal directly Cooper-pair-assisted tunneling between the two dots. Second, we observe a vacuum Rabi splitting which is a signature of strong charge photon coupling and a premiere with carbon-nanotube-based quantum-dot circuits. We show that our circuit design intrinsically combines a set of key features to achieve the strong coupling regime to the cavity. A low charging energy reduces the device sensitivity to charge noise, while sufficient coupling is provided by the shaping of the spectrum of the double quantum dot by the superconducting reservoir. Our findings could be adapted to many other circuit designs and shed light on the coupling of superconducting nanoscale devices to microwave fields.