Synthetic turbulence models for wind turbine applications
Paper i proceeding, 2010
Wind energy converters such as wind turbines permanently work in the atmospheric boundary layer. For the modelling of the dynamics and for the optimisation of design and material of wind turbines synthetic models for atmospheric turbulence are applied already for a long time. The main purpose of these models is to provide fast and efficient methods for numerical simulation of random fields, that show some characteristic features of atmospheric turbulence. Typically they only have a partial connection to the fundamental equations of fluid dynamics. After a short overview summarizing widespread models by Veers and Mann, that are based on the simulation of random fields in the Fourier domain, advanced models for the simulation of velocity fields are discussed.