Magnetic field at a jet base: extreme Faraday rotation in 3C 273 revealed by ALMA
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019

Aims. We studied the polarization behavior of the quasar 3C 273 over the 1 mm wavelength band at ALMA with a total bandwidth of 7.5 GHz across 223-243 GHz at 0.8 '' resolution, corresponding to 2.1 kpc at the distance of 3C 273. With these observations we were able to probe the optically thin polarized emission close to the jet base, and constrain the magnetic field structure. Methods. We computed the Faraday rotation measure using simple linear fitting and Faraday rotation measure synthesis. In addition, we modeled the broadband behavior of the fractional Stokes Q and U parameters (qu-fitting). The systematic uncertainties in the polarization observations at ALMA were assessed through Monte Carlo simulations. Results. We find the unresolved core of 3C 273 to be 1.8% linearly polarized. We detect a very high rotation measure (RM) of (5.0 +/- 0.3) x 10(5) rad m(-2) over the 1 mm band when assuming a single polarized component and an external RM screen. This results in a rotation of >40 degrees of the intrinsic electric vector position angle, which is significantly higher than typically assumed for millimeter wavelengths. The polarization fraction increases as a function of wavelength, which according to our qu-fitting could be due to multiple polarized components of different Faraday depth within our beam or to internal Faraday rotation. With our limited wavelength coverage we cannot distinguish between the cases, and additional multi-frequency and high angular resolution observations are needed to determine the location and structure of the magnetic field of the Faraday active region. Comparing our RM estimate with values obtained at lower frequencies, the RM increases as a function of observing frequency, following a power law with an index of 2.0 +/- 0.2, consistent with a sheath surrounding a conically expanding jet. We also detect similar to 0.2% circular polarization, although further observations are needed to confirm this result.

quasars: individual: 3C 273

galaxies: jets

polarization

radio continuum: galaxies

Författare

T. Hovatta

Turun Yliopisto

Aalto-Yliopisto

S. O'Sullivan

Universität Hamburg

Ivan Marti-Vidal

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Onsala rymdobservatorium

T. Savolainen

Aalto-Yliopisto

Max Planck-institutet

A. Tchekhovskoy

University of California

Northwestern University

Astronomy and Astrophysics

0004-6361 (ISSN) 1432-0746 (eISSN)

Vol. 623 A111

RadioNet 4

Europeiska kommissionen (Horisont 2020), 2017-01-01 -- 2020-12-31.

Ämneskategorier

Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi

Annan fysik

Fusion, plasma och rymdfysik

DOI

10.1051/0004-6361/201832587

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2019-05-06