Power-Angular Spectra Correlation Based Two Step Angle of Arrival Estimation for Future Indoor Terahertz Communications
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019
The future terahertz (THz) communication is a promising solution to the high-data-rate and short-range communication due to its broad available bandwidth. However, the high propagation path loss and the limited output power of the amplifier require highly directive antennas with high antenna gain in order to realize a reasonable signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). An angle of arrival (AoA) estimation is necessary to adjust the main lobe direction of the antenna. A major challenge of the AoA estimation is the compromise between accuracy and time consumption due to the big number of main lobe directions. This paper proposes a novel efficient AoA algorithm, which utilizes the fact that the power angular spectra (PAS) of different frequencies are highly correlated and the THz communication devices are equipped with radio frequency (RF) frontends of lower frequency. By means of a rough and quick estimation at the lower frequency, the range of the true AoA can be confined significantly and the precise estimation can be carried out efficiently. To begin with, an antenna model with discrete main lobe directions is proposed and the relationship between antenna gain, half power beam width (HPBW) and number of main lobe directions is analyzed. The PAS correlation is then validated with channel sounding measurement. The two-step AoA estimation algorithm is derived, formulated and finally validated with hardware demonstration.
channel sounding measurement