Tomato and Lycopene Consumption Is Inversely Associated with Total and Cause-Specific Mortality: A Population-based Cohort Study, on behalf of the International Lipid Expert Panel (ILEP)
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019

No data exist on the associations of dietary tomato and lycopene consumption with total and cause-specific mortality. Using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) 1999-2010, we evaluted the long-term impact of tomato and lycopene intake on total and cause-specific (coronary heart disease [CHD] and cerebrovascular disease) mortality. We also assessed the changes in cardio-metabolic risk factors according to tomato and lycopene intake. Vital status through December 31, 2011 was ascertained. Cox proportional hazard regression models (followed by propensity score-matching) were used to investigate the link between tomato and lycopene consumption total, CHD and cerebrovascular mortality. Among the 23,935 participants included (mean age = 47.6 years, 48.8% men), 3403 deaths occurred during 76.4 months of follow-up. Tomato intake was inversely associated with total (risk ratio (RR):0.86, 95% confidence interval (CI):0.81-0.92), CHD (0.76, 95%CI: 0.70-0.85) and cerebrovascular (0.70, 95%CI: 0.62-0.81) mortality. Similar inverse associations were found between lycopene consumption, total (0.76, 95%CI: 0.72-0.81), CHD (0.73, 95%CI: 0.65-0.83) and cerebrovascular (0.71, 95%CI: 0.65-0.78) mortality; these associations were independent of anthropometric, clinical and nutritional parameters. Age and obesity did not affect the associations of tomato and lycopene consumption with total, CHD and cerebrovascular mortality. C-reactive protein significantly moderated the link between lycopene and tomato intake with total, CHD and cerebrovascular mortality. Analysis of co-variance showed that participants with a higher tomato and lycopene consumption had a more cardio-protective profile compared with those with a lower intake. Our results highlighted the favorable effect of tomato and lycopene intake on total and cause-specific mortality as well as to cardio-metabolic risk factors. These findings should be taken into consideration for public health strategies.

Cardio-metabolic

Mortality

Tomato

Coronary Heart Disease

Lycopene

Cerebrovascular Disease

Författare

Mohsen Mazidi

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap

Niki Katsiki

Aristotelio Panepistimio Thessalonikis

Elena S. George

Deakin University

MacIej Banach

Medical University of Lodz

Uniwersytet Zielonogorski

Instytut Centrum Zdrowia Matki Polki

British Journal of Nutrition

0007-1145 (ISSN) 1475-2662 (eISSN)

Ämneskategorier

Geriatrik

Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

Näringslära

DOI

10.1017/S0007114519002150

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2019-11-08