Theory of exciton dynamics in time-resolved ARPES: Intra- and intervalley scattering in two-dimensional semiconductors
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019
Time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (trARPES) is a powerful spectroscopic method to measure the ultrafast electron dynamics directly in momentum space. However, band gap materials with exceptionally strong Coulomb interaction such as monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides exhibit tightly bound excitons, which dominate their optical properties. This raises the question of whether excitons, in particular their formation and relaxation dynamics, can be detected in photoemissions. Here, we develop a fully microscopic theory of the temporal dynamics of excitonic time- and angle-resolved photoemission with a particular focus on the phonon-mediated thermalization of optically excited excitons to momentum-forbidden dark exciton states. We find that trARPES is able to probe the ultrafast exciton formation and relaxation throughout the Brillouin zone.