The Indoor Chemical Human Emissions and Reactivity (ICHEAR) project: Overview of experimental methodology and preliminary results
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

With the gradual reduction of emissions from building products, emissions from human occupants become more dominant indoors. The impact of human emissions on indoor air quality is inadequately understood. The aim of the Indoor Chemical Human Emissions and Reactivity (ICHEAR) project was to examine the impact on indoor air chemistry of whole-body, exhaled, and dermally emitted human bioeffluents under different conditions comprising human factors (t-shirts/shorts vs long-sleeve shirts/pants; age: teenagers, young adults, and seniors) and a variety of environmental factors (moderate vs high air temperature; low vs high relative humidity; presence vs absence of ozone). A series of human subject experiments were performed in a well-controlled stainless steel climate chamber. State-of-the-art measurement technologies were used to quantify the volatile organic compounds emitted by humans and their total OH reactivity; ammonia, nanoparticle, fluorescent biological aerosol particle (FBAP), and microbial emissions; and skin surface chemistry. This paper presents the design of the project, its methodologies, and preliminary results, comparing identical measurements performed with five groups, each composed of 4 volunteers (2 males and 2 females). The volunteers wore identical laundered new clothes and were asked to use the same set of fragrance-free personal care products. They occupied the ozone-free (<2 ppb) chamber for 3 hours (morning) and then left for a 10-min lunch break. Ozone (target concentration in occupied chamber ~35 ppb) was introduced 10 minutes after the volunteers returned to the chamber, and the measurements continued for another 2.5 hours. Under a given ozone condition, relatively small differences were observed in the steady-state concentrations of geranyl acetone, 6MHO, and 4OPA between the five groups. Larger variability was observed for acetone and isoprene. The absence or presence of ozone significantly influenced the steady-state concentrations of acetone, geranyl acetone, 6MHO, and 4OPA. Results of replicate experiments demonstrate the robustness of the experiments. Higher repeatability was achieved for dermally emitted compounds and their reaction products than for constituents of exhaled breath.

human beings

ozone

OH reactivity

particles

ammonia

indoor emissions

VOC

Författare

G. Beko

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

Pawel Wargocki

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

Nijing Wang

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Mengze Li

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Charles J. Weschler

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

Rutgers Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute

Glenn Morrison

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Sarka Langer

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Installationsteknik

IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet

Lisa Ernle

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Dusan Licina

Ecole Polytechnique Federale De Lausanne

Shen Yang

Ecole Polytechnique Federale De Lausanne

Nora Zannoni

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Jonathan Williams

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Indoor Air

0905-6947 (ISSN) 1600-0668 (eISSN)

Vol. In Press

Ämneskategorier

Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi

Miljövetenskap

Miljömedicin och yrkesmedicin

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Styrkeområden

Hälsa och teknik

DOI

10.1111/ina.12687

PubMed

32424858

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2020-08-24