Subcritical water de-polymerization of Kraft lignin: A process for future biorefineries. Structural characterization of bio-oil and solids
Paper i proceeding, 2015

A 2D-NMR analysis was carried out on fractionated bio-oil in order to investigate the result of the subcritical water base catalysed de-polymerization of LignoBoost Kraft lignin (350 °C, 25 MPa). It was confirmed that the signals from aliphatic lignin inter-unit linkages, i.e. ß-O-4’, ß-ß’, ß-1’ and ß-5’, had disappeared in all bio-oil fractions (light oil, heavy oil and suspended solids). This means that both aliphatic carbon-oxygen (C-O) and carbon-carbon (C-C) bonds in LignoBoost Kraft lignin have been broken and an effective de-polymerization has occurred. However, re-polymerization to higher molecular weight (Mw) fractions take place simultaneously. These higher Mw fractions (heavy oil and suspended solids) were found to be re-polymerized macromolecules (Mw distribution 5.4 kDa and 19.5 kDa resp.) with new structural networks based on guaiacol/disubstituted aromatic ethers and polyaromatic hydrocarbon structures tightly bound together. In this work it has been demonstrated that the subcritical water de-polymerization process of LignoBoost Kraft lignin does function; an effective de-oxygenation of LignoBoost Kraft lignin takes place, generating a bio-oil with a low content of atomic oxygen (15 wt.%) suitable for further processing at fossil-based oil refineries.

Författare

Cecilia Mattsson

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemiteknik, Skogsindustriell kemiteknik

Sven-Ingvar Andersson

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Industriella energisystem och -tekniker

Tallal Belkheiri

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Industriella energisystem och -tekniker

Lars-Erik Åmand

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Industriella energisystem och -tekniker

L. Olausson

Valmet Oy

Lennart Vamling

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Industriella energisystem och -tekniker

Hans Theliander

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemiteknik, Skogsindustriell kemiteknik

NWBC 2015 - 6th Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference

112-119

6th Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference, NWBC 2015
Helsinki, Finland,

Ämneskategorier

Polymerkemi

Polymerteknologi

Annan kemi

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Senast uppdaterat

2020-09-15