Pre-Extraction of Wood Components Mild hydrothermal methods for a future materials biorefinery
Among existing pretreatments, mild hydrothermal methods, such as hot water extraction and steam explosion, are promising since they allow recovery of hemicelluloses with minimal degradation. They are based on the acidic hydrolysis (autohydrolysis) of wood components and diffusive transport through the wood tissue. In steam explosion, the latter is enhanced by the advective transport in the pore system of the wood caused by the rapid release of the pressure. The focus of this work was to explore the possibility of using steam explosion and hot water extraction on different types of forest biomass, as well as to improve understanding of the underlying mechanisms.
Performed in different experimental set ups, the work included determining the local composition of wood chips pretreated in different ways, continuous extraction of spruce and birch wood meal and a stepwise treatment of forest residues. The influence of autohydrolysis on the wood components, hemicelluloses (decreasing molar weight, deacetylation, cleavage of side groups, extraction and degradation), lignin (partial degradation and extraction) and cellulose (introduction of chain scissions) was analyzed. Moreover, the mechanism of acidification and the contribution of acetic acid were also investigated. The variations in the local composition of the wood chips obtained by steam explosion and hot water extraction were determined and related to the differences in mass transport and severity of the treatment. Finally, it was shown that the impact of steam explosion had a limited effect on refined wood residues, likely due to the relatively small size of the material.
hot water extraction
Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemiteknik, Kemisk apparat- och reaktionsteknik
Wojtasz-Mucha, J., Hasani, M., Theliander, H., "Dissolution of wood components during hot water extraction of spruce".
Wojtasz-Mucha, J., Hasani, M., Theliander, H., "Dissolution of wood components during hot water extraction of birch".
Pretreatment and Cooking of Forest Residues
BioResources,; Vol. 14(2019)p. 9454-9471
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Hydrothermal pretreatment of wood by mild steam explosion and hot water extraction
Bioresource Technology,; Vol. 241(2017)p. 120-126
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Wood has a complex chemical and morphological structure and is resistant toward separation of its structural elements (i.e. cellulose, lignin and various hemicelluloses). The most used separation process today is the kraft process, with this process the cellulose is separated from the lignin, but at the same time most of the hemicelluloses are broken down despite them being an attractive feedstock for future materials. In order to combine production of paper pulp and biorefinery products an additional step enabling recovery of hemicelluloses prior to pulping in needed.
Among the existing pretreatments mild hydrothermal methods are promising, as they allow recovery of hemicelluloses with minimal degradation. The focus in this work was on investigating the possibility of using two of such methods, namely hot water extraction and steam explosion, on different types of forest biomass. Both of those methods rely on hot water causing a self-mediated partial degradation of the hemicelluloses (autohydrolysis) and transport of the solubilized structures out of the wood tissue. The steam explosion involves also a rapid pressure release that stimulates the transport.
The wood meal, wood chips and mixed forest residues were pretreated in different experimental set-ups and the resulting structural changes were analysed by a variety of characterization methods. The results include improved knowledge on: the course of autohydrolysis in the cell wall, variation in the local composition of the pretreated wood chips , and pretreatment impact on the pulping of forest residues.
Doktorsavhandlingar vid Chalmers tekniska högskola. Ny serie: 4800
Chalmers tekniska högskola
KB-salen, Kemigården 4, Göteborg
Opponent: Prof. Mats Galbe