Aluminum Metal-Organic Batteries with Integrated 3D Thin Film Anodes
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

Aluminum 3D thin film anodes fully integrated with a separator are fabricated by sputtering and enable rechargeable aluminum metal batteries with high power performance. The 3D thin film anodes have an approximately four to eight times larger active surface area than a metal foil, which significantly both reduces the electrochemical overpotential, and improves materials utilization. In full cells with organic cathodes, that is, aluminum metal-organic batteries, the 3D thin film anodes provide 165 mAh g(-1)at 0.5 C rate, with a capacity retention of 81% at 20 C, and 86% after 500 cycles. Post-mortem analysis reveals structural degradation to limit the long-term stability at high rates. As the multivalent charge carrier active here is AlCl2+, the realistic maximal specific energy, and power densities at cell level are approximate to 100 Wh kg(-1)and approximate to 3100 W kg(-1), respectively, which is significantly higher than the state-of-the-art for Al batteries.

organic cathodes

sputtering

3D anodes

aluminum batteries

thin films

Författare

Niklas Lindahl

Göteborgs universitet

Chalmers, Fysik, Materialfysik

Jan Bitenc

Kemijski Inštitut

Robert Dominko

Kemijski Inštitut

Univerza V Ljubljani

Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS)

Patrik Johansson

Chalmers, Fysik, Materialfysik

Advanced Functional Materials

1616-301X (ISSN)

Vol. 30 51 2004573

Ämneskategorier

Materialkemi

Annan kemiteknik

Annan kemi

DOI

10.1002/adfm.202004573

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2021-01-05