Design of Minimum Cost Degradation-Conscious Lithium-Ion Battery Energy Storage System to Achieve Renewable Power Dispatchability
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

The application of lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery energy storage system (BESS) to achieve the dispatchability of a renewable power plant is examined. By taking into consideration the effects of battery cell degradation evaluated using electrochemical principles, a power flow model (PFM) of the BESS is developed specifically for use in system-level study. The PFM allows the long-term performance and lifetime of the battery be predicted as when the BESS is undertaking the power dispatch control task. Furthermore, a binary mode BESS control scheme is proposed to prevent the possible over-charge/over-discharge of the BESS due to the uncertain renewable input power. Analysis of the resulting new dispatch control scheme shows that a proposed adaptive BESS state of energy controller can guarantee the stability of the dispatch process. A particle swarm optimization algorithm is developed and is incorporated into a computational procedure for which the optimum battery capacity and power rating are determined, through minimizing the capital cost of the BESS plus the penalty cost of violating the dispatch power commitment. Results of numerical examples used to illustrate the proposed design approach show that in order to achieve hourly-constant power dispatchability of a 100-MW wind farm, the minimum-cost Li-ion BESS is rated 31-MW/22.6-MWh.

Renewable power dispatchability

Battery energy storage system

Lithium-ion battery

Battery degradation


Yang Li

Wuhan University of Technology

D. Mahinda Vilathgamuwa

Queensland University of Technology (QUT)

San Shing Choi

Queensland University of Technology (QUT)

Binyu Xiong

Wuhan University of Technology

Jinrui Tang

Wuhan University of Technology

Yixin Su

Wuhan University of Technology

Yu Wang

Nanyang Technological University

Applied Energy

0306-2619 (ISSN)

Vol. 260 114282


Hållbar utveckling



Elektroteknik och elektronik





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