SUPER: II. Spatially resolved ionised gas kinematics and scaling relations in z 2 ∼ AGN host galaxies
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

Aims. The SINFONI survey for Unveiling the Physics and Effect of Radiative feedback (SUPER) aims to trace and characterise ionised gas outflows and their impact on star formation in a statistical sample of X-ray selected active galactic nuclei (AGN) at z ∼ 2. We present the first SINFONI results for a sample of 21 Type 1 AGN spanning a wide range in bolometric luminosity (log Lbol = 45.4-47.9 erg s-1). The main aims of this paper are to determine the extension of the ionised gas, characterise the occurrence of AGN-driven outflows, and link the properties of such outflows with those of the AGN. Methods. We used adaptive optics-assisted SINFONI observations to trace ionised gas in the extended narrow line region using the [O» III] λ5007 line. We classified a target as hosting an outflow if its non-parametric velocity of the [O» III] line, w80, was larger than 600 km s-1. We studied the presence of extended emission using dedicated point-spread function (PSF) observations, after modelling the PSF from the Balmer lines originating from the broad line region. Results. We detect outflows in all the Type 1 AGN sample based on the w80 value from the integrated spectrum, which is in the range ∼650-2700 km s-1. There is a clear positive correlation between w80 and the AGN bolometric luminosity (> 99% correlation probability), and the black hole mass (98% correlation probability). A comparison of the PSF and the [O» III] radial profile shows that the [O» III] emission is spatially resolved for ∼35% of the Type 1 sample and the outflows show an extension up to ∼6 kpc. The relation between maximum velocity and the bolometric luminosity is consistent with model predictions for shocks from an AGN-driven outflow. The escape fraction of the outflowing gas increases with the AGN luminosity, although for most galaxies, this fraction is less than 10%.

Techniques: imaging spectroscopy

Galaxies: evolution

Quasars: emission lines

Galaxies: high-redshift

Galaxies: active


D. Kakkad

European Southern Observatory (ESO)

European Southern Observatory Santiago

V. Mainieri

European Southern Observatory (ESO)

G. Vietri

Excellence Cluster Universe

INAF Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, Milan

European Southern Observatory (ESO)

S. Carniani

Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa

C. M. Harrison

Newcastle University

M. Perna

Centro de Astrobiologia (CAB)

Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri

Jan Scholtz

Durham University

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Astronomi och plasmafysik, Extragalaktisk astrofysik

European Southern Observatory (ESO)

C. Circosta

European Southern Observatory (ESO)

University College London (UCL)

G. Cresci

Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri

B. Husemann


M. Bischetti

Universita degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata

Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma

C. Feruglio

Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste

F. Fiore

Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste

A. Marconi

Universita degli Studi di Firenze

Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri

P. Padovani

European Southern Observatory (ESO)

M. Brusa

Universita di Bologna

INAF OAS Bologna

C. Cicone

Universitetet i Oslo

A. Comastri

INAF OAS Bologna

G. Lanzuisi

INAF OAS Bologna

F. Mannucci

Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri

N. Menci

Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma

H. Netzer

Tel Aviv University

E. Piconcelli

Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma

A. Puglisi

Durham University

M. Salvato


M. Schramm

National Astronomical Observatory of Japan

J. Silverman

University of Tokyo

Cristian Vignali

INAF OAS Bologna

Universita di Bologna

G. Zamorani

INAF OAS Bologna

L. Zappacosta

Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma

Astronomy and Astrophysics

0004-6361 (ISSN) 1432-0746 (eISSN)

Vol. 642 A147


Subatomär fysik

Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi

Sannolikhetsteori och statistik



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