The origins space telescope and the heterodyne receiver for origins (HERO)
Paper i proceeding, 2019

The Origins Space Telescope is one of four large mission concept studies carried out by NASA for the 2020 Decadal survey. Origins is a far-infrared telescope designed to understand the evolution of galaxies and black holes, to follow the trail of water from protostars to habitable planets and to search for biosignatures in the atmospheres of exoplanets. The Heterodyne Receiver for Origins (HERO) is the high spectral resolution receiver. It is the first heterodyne array receiver designed to fly on a satellite and an example for possible future focal plane arrays for space. HERO has focal plane arrays with nine pixels in two polarization. HERO covers a large frequency range between 486 and 2700 GHz in only 4 frequency bands, requiring local oscillators with fractional bandwidth of 45%. HERO uses the best superconducting mixers with noise temperatures between 1 and 3 hf/k and an intermediate bandwidth of 6 to 8 GHz. HERO can carry out dual polarization and dual-frequency observations. The major challenges for the HERO design are the low cooling power and the low electrical power available on a spacecraft, which impact the choice of the cryogenic amplifiers and backends. SiGe cryogenic amplifiers with a consumption of less than 0.5 mW, as well as CMOS spectrometers with a power consumption below 2W are the baseline for HERO. The development plan includes broadband (45%) multiplier-amplifier chains, low noise mixers (1-3 hf/k), low-power consuming (< 05.mW) cryogenic amplifiers and low-power consuming spectrometer backends (< 2W).

Astronomy

Array receiver

Space technology

Terahertz

Submillimeter

Författare

M.C. Wiedner

Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC)

A. M. Baryshev

Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

Victor Belitsky

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Onsala rymdobservatorium, GARD teknik

Vincent Desmaris

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Onsala rymdobservatorium, GARD teknik

Anna Maria Digiorgio

Istituto nazionale di astrofisica (INAF)

J. D. Gallego

Observatorio de Yebes (IGN)

M. Gerin

Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC)

P. F. Goldsmith

Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology

F. Helmich

Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

Netherlands Institute for Space Research (SRON)

W. Jellema

Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

Netherlands Institute for Space Research (SRON)

Andre Laurens

CNES Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales

Imran Mehdi

Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology

Christophe Risacher

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique (IRAM)

A. Cooray

University of California at Irvine (UCI)

Margaret Meixner

Johns Hopkins University

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

ISSTT 2019 - 30th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology, Proceedings Book

204-207

2019 30th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology, ISSTT 2019
Gothenburg, Sweden,

Ämneskategorier

Rymd- och flygteknik

Signalbehandling

Annan elektroteknik och elektronik

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Senast uppdaterat

2020-12-07