A new lepto-hadronic model applied to the first simultaneous multiwavelength data set for Cygnus X-1
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

Cygnus X-1 is the first Galactic source confirmed to host an accreting black hole. It has been detected across the entire electromagnetic spectrum from radio to GeV gamma-rays. The source's radio through mid-infrared radiation is thought to originate from the relativistic jets. The observed high degree of linear polarization in the MeV X-rays suggests that the relativistic jets dominate in this regime as well, whereas a hot accretion flow dominates the soft X-ray band. The origin of the GeV non-thermal emission is still debated, with both leptonic and hadronic scenarios deemed to be viable. In this work, we present results from a new semi-analytical, multizone jet model applied to the broad-band spectral energy distribution of Cygnus X-1 for both leptonic and hadronic scenarios. We try to break this degeneracy by fitting the first-ever high-quality, simultaneous multiwavelength data set obtained from the CHOCBOX campaign (Cygnus X-1 Hard state Observations of a Complete Binary Orbit in X-rays). Our model parametrizes dynamical properties, such as the jet velocity profile, the magnetic field, and the energy density. Moreover, the model combines these dynamical properties with a self-consistent radiative transfer calculation including secondary cascades, both of leptonic and hadronic origin. We conclude that sensitive TeV gamma-ray telescopes like Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) will definitively answer the question of whether hadronic processes occur inside the relativistic jets of Cygnus X-1.

acceleration of particles

X-rays: individual: Cyg X-1

radiation mechanisms: non-thermal


D. Kantzas

Universiteit Van Amsterdam

S. Markoff

Universiteit Van Amsterdam

T. Beuchert

European Southern Observatory (ESO)

Universiteit Van Amsterdam

M. Lucchini

Universiteit Van Amsterdam

A. Chhotray

Universiteit Van Amsterdam

Chiara Ceccobello

Alexandra J. Tetarenko

East Asian Observatory

J. C. A. Miller-Jones

Curtin University

M. Bremer

Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique (IRAM)

J. A. Garcia

Dr. Karl Remeis-Observatory and Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics

California Institute of Technology (Caltech)

V. Grinberg

Universität Tübingen

P. Uttley

Universiteit Van Amsterdam

J. Wilms

Dr. Karl Remeis-Observatory and Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

0035-8711 (ISSN) 1365-2966 (eISSN)

Vol. 500 2 2112-2126


Subatomär fysik

Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi



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