Ultrawideband Conical Log-Spiral Circularly Polarized Feed for Radio Astronomy
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

In order to meet the requirements of the new generation of radio telescopes, we have developed a new topology called DYQSA, which stands for DYson Quad-Spiral Array. The design exhibits dual circular polarization contrary to dual linear polarization of state-of-the-art feeds. It covers the required ultrawideband (UWB) from 2 to 14 GHz with an almost constant and real input impedance which facilitates the design of the feeding structure and the low-noise amplifiers (LNAs). Different versions are investigated for enhancing feed performance, ensuring higher aperture efficiencies and mechanical stability. The simulation results of the reflector loaded by the proposed feed show an aperture efficiency of 65%±5% with a noise antenna temperature around 14 K and a system equivalent flux density (SEFD) of about 1300 Jy, both averaged over the required bandwidth at zenith. Measurements of the single-element and the four-element feeds are presented. Comparisons with other state-of-the-art feeds are shown in terms of total aperture efficiencies, design adaptability to different reflectors, calibration signal injection, and the required number of LNAs per feed, cost, and physical volume.

Circular polarization

Antenna radiation patterns

DYson Quad-Spiral Array (DYQSA)

Dual-polarized antennas

Reflector antenna feeds

Radio telescopes

Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI)


ultra wideband (UWB) antennas

3-D printing

Conical antennas

Signal to noise ratio

Radio astronomy

VLBI2010 Global Observing System (VGOS)

Log spiral antennas


Kerlos Atia Abdalmalak

Aswan University

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Gabriel Santamaría Botello

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Sergio Llorente-Romano

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Alejandro Rivera-Lavado

Observatorio de Yebes (IGN)

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Jonas Flygare

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Onsala rymdobservatorium

José Antonio López Fernández

Observatorio de Yebes (IGN)

Ruag Space Switzerland

José Manuel Serna Puente

Ruag Space Switzerland

Observatorio de Yebes (IGN)

Luis Emilio García-Castillo

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Daniel Segovia-Vargas

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Miroslav Pantaleev

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Onsala rymdobservatorium

Luis Enrique García-Muñoz

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation

0018926x (ISSN) 15582221 (eISSN)

Vol. 68 3 1995-2007 8889508


Onsala rymdobservatorium


Elektroteknik och elektronik



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