Concentration Dependent Solution Structure and Transport Mechanism in High Voltage LiTFSI-Adiponitrile Electrolytes
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

The physiochemical properties of lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI) in adiponitrile (ADN) electrolytes were explored as a function of concentration. The phase diagram and ionic conductivity plots show a distinct relationship between the eutectic composition of the electrolyte and the concentration of maximum ionic conductivity in the 25 degrees C isotherm. We propose a structure-based explanation for the variation of electrolyte ionic conductivity with LiTFSI concentration, where the eutectic concentration is a transitionary region at which the structure changes from solvated contact ion pairs to extended units of [Li-z(ADN)(x)TFSIy](z-y) aggregates. It is found through diffusion coefficient measurements using pulsed-field gradient (PFG) NMR that both D-Li/D-TFSI and D-Li/D-ADN increase with concentration until 2.9 M, where after Li+ becomes the fastest diffusing species, suggesting that ion hopping becomes the dominant transport mechanism for Li+. Variable diffusion-time (Delta) PFG NMR is used to track this evolution of the ion transport mechanism. A differentiation in Li+ transport between the micro and bulk levels that increases with concentration was observed. It is proposed that ion hopping within [Li-z(ADN)(x)TFSIy](z-y) aggregates dominates the micro-scale, while the bulk-scale is governed by vehicular transport. Lastly, we demonstrate that LiTFSI in ADN is a suitable electrolyte system for use in Li-O-2 cells.


Christopher J. Franko

McMaster University

Chae-Ho Yim

National Research Council Canada

Fabian Årén

Chalmers, Fysik, Materialfysik

Gustav Åvall

Chalmers, Fysik, Materialfysik

Pamela S. Whitfield

National Research Council Canada

Patrik Johansson

Chalmers, Fysik, Materialfysik

Yaser A. Abu-Lebdeh

National Research Council Canada

Gillian R. Goward

McMaster University

Journal of the Electrochemical Society

0013-4651 (ISSN) 1945-7111 (eISSN)

Vol. 167 16 160532


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