Systemic galectin-3 in smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and chronic bronchitis: The impact of exacerbations
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021

Purpose:
The carbohydrate-binding protein Galectin-3 is increased in several inflammatory diseases and has recently been forwarded as a systemic biomarker in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this longitudinal study, we characterized the level of systemic Galectin-3 using blood from smokers with a history of COPD and chronic bronchitis (COPD-CB), during stable clinical conditions and exacerbations. Patients and
Methods:
The study population comprised 56 long-term smokers with COPD-CB, 10 long-term smokers without lung disease (LTS) and 10 clinically healthy never-smokers (HNS). Blood samples were analyzed for levels of Galectin-3, leukocyte populations and C-reactive protein (CRP). In addition, sputum samples from the COPD-CB group were analyzed for bacterial growth.
Results:
When comparing stable clinical conditions and exacerbations in the COPD-CB group, we found that the level of Galectin-3, just like that of CRP, leukocytes and neutrophils, respectively, was increased during exacerbations. However, this exacerbation-associated increase of Galectin-3 was modest. During stable clinical conditions of COPD-CB, the level of Galectin-3 was not elevated in comparison with HNS or LTS. Nor did this level of Galectin-3 distinguish patients that remained in a clinically stable condition throughout the study to those that developed an exacerbation. In addition, neither during stable clinical conditions nor during exacerbations, did the presence of bacterial growth in sputum alter Galectin-3 levels. In contrast to Galectin-3, the level of CRP, leukocytes and neutrophils, respectively, were increased during clinical stable conditions in the COPD-CB group compared with the other groups and were further enhanced during exacerbations.
Conclusion:
Systemic Galectin-3 is increased in a reproducible but modest manner during exacerbations in smokers with COPD-CB. During stable clinical conditions, the level of systemic Galectin-3 does not distinguish patients that remain clinically stable from those that develop exacerbations. This makes it less likely that systemic Galectin-3 may become a clinically useful biomarker in the current setting.

CRP

Exacerbation

Airflow limitation

COPD

Författare

Martina Sundqvist

Göteborgs universitet

Kristina Andelid

Göteborgs universitet

Ann Ekberg-Jansson

Göteborgs universitet

Johan Bylund

Göteborgs universitet

Anna Karlsson-Bengtsson

Göteborgs universitet

Rektor

Anders Lindén

Karolinska universitetssjukhuset

Karolinska Institutet

International Journal of COPD

1176-9106 (ISSN) 1178-2005 (eISSN)

Vol. 16 367-377

Ämneskategorier

Klinisk laboratoriemedicin

Lungmedicin och allergi

Reumatologi och inflammation

Styrkeområden

Hälsa och teknik

DOI

10.2147/COPD.S283372

PubMed

33642857

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Senast uppdaterat

2021-03-17