Utilization of Bio Ashes in Cement-based Materials: A Case Study in Cooperation with Pulp and Paper and Energy Production Industries in Sweden
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

Worldwide increased concern of the CO2 emissions has led to the replacement of coal by biomass in combustion-based power plants. However, this would cause the scarcity of fly ash, one of the most well-known rest products from coal combustion, which is used as supplementary cementitious materials (SCM) in construction sector to reduce the large environmental footprint of cement production. Seeking to find alternative SCMs, this article aims to demonstrate the viability of using bio ashes in Sweden as SCM, which, due to lack of studies validating their value, are landfilled today. According to the obtained results, bio ashes produced at pulp and paper industries have a considerably consistent chemical composition and exhibit a satisfactory pozzolanic behaviour. Nevertheless, according to the conclusions of this study, the pozzolanicity of these alternative binders is not reflected equally with respect to the most known reactivity tests for common SCMs. The results imply that although “R3” tests method infers the pozzolanic characteristics of the bio ashes in focus of this study, the “activity index test” as well as “calcium consumption test” indicate otherwise.

Bio ashes


Pozzolanicity test

Supplementary Cementitious Materials (SCM)


Arezou Baba Ahmadi

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Byggnadsteknologi

Gilles Plusquellec

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Emilie L’Hôpital

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Urs Mueller

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Nordic Concrete Research

0800-6377 (ISSN)

Vol. 63 2 63-78




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