THz Ultra-wideband Passive Devices: Design, Simulation and Characterization
Licentiatavhandling, 2021

The last decades have seen an increasing interest in the THz research field, leading to a substantial improvement in technology and the emergence of new applications. In particular, the research on radio astronomy instrumentation has pushed millimeter and sub-millimeter technology boundaries and redefined state of the art.  Nonetheless, the requirements set for the next generation of radio astronomy receivers will demand remarkable technological development, especially in terms of RF and IF bandwidth. Addressing this need, the present licentiate thesis focuses on the design, simulation and characterization of ultra-wideband THz passive devices for the next generation of radio astronomy receivers.

As THz receivers mixers are implemented with thin-film technology, waveguide to substrate transitions have a fundamental role in the performance and bandwidth of such systems. The critical requirements for these transitions are a proper impedance matching and the minimization of insertion loss. In this thesis, a waveguide to slotline superconducting transition based on substrateless finlines is proposed. The transition was designed for prospective broadband SIS mixer design in the frequency range 211-375 GHz. The experimental verification at cryogenic temperatures shows a remarkable fractional bandwidth of 55%.

Although this transition represents a substantial improvement over existing designs, it is important to note that it transforms a waveguide propagation mode into slotline mode. For the majority of modern SIS mixers, microstrip line topology is the most suitable. Hence, the ongoing development is focused on broadband slotline to microstrip transitions. In this work, a slotline to microstrip transition based on Marchand Balun is designed, simulated and fabricated. The electromagnetic simulations showed promising results, and the cryogenic characterization at 4K is ongoing.

For most modern polarization-sensitive THz receivers, 90° waveguide twists are essential interconnection parts. Since compactness and low insertion loss are critical requirements, single step-twists have emerged as an attractive solution. In this work, a novel compact wideband 90-degree twist for the 140-220 GHz band is presented. Furthermore, the proposed twist has a performance tolerant to small geometry variation, and hence it is especially suited for fabrication by direct milling. The experimental verification shows 44% fractional bandwidth with return loss better than 20 dB over most of the band.

Broadband Waveguide to Substrate Transition

Substrateless Finline

Superconducting Transition

Compact waveguide twist

Marchand Baluns.

Opponent: Dr. Vessen Vassilev, Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Microwave Electronics Laboratory


Cristian Daniel López

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Onsala rymdobservatorium, GARD teknik

Waveguide-to-substrate transition based on unilateral substrateless finline structure: Design, fabrication, and characterization

IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology,; Vol. 10(2020)p. 668-676

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Design and Implementation of a Compact 90 degrees Waveguide Twist With Machining Tolerant Layout

IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters,; Vol. 30(2020)p. 741-744

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift


Informations- och kommunikationsteknik

Nanovetenskap och nanoteknik (SO 2010-2017, EI 2018-)



Onsala rymdobservatorium




Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi



Chalmers tekniska högskola


Opponent: Dr. Vessen Vassilev, Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Microwave Electronics Laboratory

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