Margin value method for engineering design improvement
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

Margin occurs where a design is overspecified with respect to the minimum required. Margin may be desirable to mitigate risk and absorb future changes, but at the same time, may be undesirable if the overspecification deteriorates the design’s performance. In this article, the margin value method (MVM) is introduced to analyse an engineering design, localise the excess margin, and quantify it considering change absorption potential in relation to design performance deterioration. The method provides guidance for improving a design by prioritising excess margin that provides relatively little advantage at high cost, and that could, therefore, be eliminated to improve design performance. It shows how the value of excess margin depends on its localisation in the design parameter network, the importance of design performance parameters, and the importance of absorbing potential future changes. The method is applied to a belt conveyor design. This case indicates that the method is practicable, reveals implications, and suggests opportunities for further work.

Margin value method



Design change absorption


Arindam Brahma

University of Auckland

David C. Wynn

University of Auckland

Research in Engineering Design - Theory, Applications, and Concurrent Engineering

0934-9839 (ISSN) 1435-6066 (eISSN)

Vol. 31 3 353-381


Annan maskinteknik



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