An ultra-wideband compact design for hyperthermia: Open ridged-waveguide antenna
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

Antennas are the building block of radiative hyperthermia (HT) applicators. This study proposes a compact UWB antenna specifically tailored to meet the requirements for deep HT array applicators. The proposed Open Ridged-Waveguide (ORWG) antenna, which is an adaptation of a double-ridged horn antenna, operates over the frequency band of 400-800 MHz. It was experimentally assessed as a single element. The quality metrics considered were reflection coefficient, penetration depth, effective field size (EFS), and mutual coupling. The design shows a 75.5% fractional bandwidth with a reflection coefficient measured to be below -10 dB from 367 up to 820 MHz. The EFS is greater than the physical dimensions of the 3-by-4 cm aperture. The mutual coupling between two adjacent elements in the array, measured in a flat phantom arrangement, is lower than -30 dB throughout the entire band. The antenna's performance was further tested in two deep HT scenarios in order to assess the mutual coupling and focussing abilities while in the array configuration. To this end, phased array applicators consisting of 10 and 16 ORWG antennas were simulated in CST, and the results are presented for a homogeneous cylindrical muscle phantom and a realistic patient model, respectively. The good agreement between the simulated and measured results suggests that the antenna can be successfully used for HT.

specific absorption rate (SAR)

biomedical antennas


double-ridged horn antennas

UWB antennas


Morteza Ghaderi Aram

Chalmers, Elektroteknik, Signalbehandling och medicinsk teknik

Hadi Aliakbarian

K. N. Toosi University of Technology

Hana Dobsicek Trefna

Chalmers, Elektroteknik, Signalbehandling och medicinsk teknik

IET Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation

1751-8725 (ISSN) 17518733 (eISSN)

Vol. 16 2-3 137-152




Annan elektroteknik och elektronik



Mer information

Senast uppdaterat