# Nonlinear Mixed Effects Modeling of Combination Therapies in Oncology Licentiatavhandling, 2022

It has been shown that simultaneous administration of two or more anticancer
agents can have a beneficial effect on cancer patients. This type of treatment
is called combination therapy and is nowadays commonly used in the fight
against cancer. New anticancer drugs are constantly being developed and
what drugs to proceed with to the next development phase can be challenging.
This thesis introduces the reader to how mathematical modeling can be used
to inform such decisions by modeling the relationship between, e.g., drug
concentration and in vivo efficacy. Specifically, compartment models based
on ordinary differential equations and the nonlinear mixed-effects (NLME)
framework are examined.
The thesis contains three papers in manuscript form. The first paper, "Model-
Based Assessment of Combination Therapies – Ranking of Radiosensitizing
Agents in Oncology" explores preclinical radiation treatment data, inter-study
variability, and ranking of test compounds.
The second paper is entitled "A Model-Based Approach for Translation in On-
cology - From Xenografts to RECIST". Here the focus is on the translational
potential of semi-mechanistic NLME models. Preclinical data is used to cali-
brate three models, which are then translated using commonly used techniques,
and used to predict the result of clinical studies.
The third paper, "Probabilistic Analysis of Tumor Models to Support Early
Clinical Trial Design", details how one can derive probabilistic expressions for
the predicted proportion of patients in each RECIST category in a clinical study.
These are used to develop a method for predicting the required sample size to
show a certain significance level and test power, for newly developed drugs.

Pharmacol- ogy

Oncology

Mathematical Modeling

Combination Therapy

Nonlinear Mixed Effects

Euler
Opponent: Hitesh Mistry, University of Manchester, UK

## Författare

### Marcus Baaz

Stiftelsen Fraunhofer-Chalmers Centrum för Industrimatematik

Chalmers, Matematiska vetenskaper, Tillämpad matematik och statistik

### Ämneskategorier

Beräkningsmatematik

Sannolikhetsteori och statistik

Cancer och onkologi

### Utgivare

Chalmers

Euler

Opponent: Hitesh Mistry, University of Manchester, UK

2022-02-24