Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces: A signal processing perspective with wireless applications
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

Antenna array technology enables the directional transmission and reception of wireless signals for communication, localization, and sensing purposes. The signal processing algorithms that underpin it began to be developed several decades ago [1], but it was with the deployment of 5G wireless mobile networks that the technology became mainstream [2]. The number of antenna elements in the arrays of 5G base stations (BSs) and user devices can be measured on the order of hundreds and tens, respectively. As networks shift toward using higher-frequency bands, more antennas fit into a given aperture. For communication purposes, the arrays are harnessed to form beams in desired directions to improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and multiplex data signals in the spatial domain (to one or multiple devices) and to suppress interference by spatial filtering [2]. For localization purposes, these arrays are employed to maintain the SNR when operating across wider bandwidths, for angle-of-arrival estimation, and to separate multiple sources and scatterers [3]. The practical use of these features requires that each antenna array is equipped with well-designed signal processing algorithms.

Antenna arrays

Wireless networks

Signal processing

Signal to noise ratio


Emil Björnson

Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH)

Henk Wymeersch

Chalmers, Elektroteknik, Kommunikation, Antenner och Optiska Nätverk, Kommunikationssystem

Bho Matthiesen

Universität Bremen

Petar Popovski

Aalborg Universitet

Luca Sanguinetti

Universita di Pisa

Elisabeth De Carvalho

Aalborg Universitet

IEEE Signal Processing Magazine

1053-5888 (ISSN)

Vol. 39 2 135-158







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