Two Birds with One Stone: Using Indium Oxide Surficial Modification to Tune Inner Helmholtz Plane and Regulate Nucleation for Dendrite-free Lithium Anode
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

Lithium metal has been considered as the most promising anode material due to its distinguished specific capacity of 3860 mAh g–1 and the lowest reduction potential of -3.04 V versus the Standard Hydrogen Electrode. However, the practicalization of Li-metal batteries (LMBs) is still challenged by the dendritic growth of Li during cycling, which is governed by the surface properties of the electrodepositing substrate. Herein, a surface modification with indium oxide on the copper current collector via magnetron sputtering, which can be spontaneously lithiated to form a composite of lithium indium oxide and Li-In alloy, is proposed. Thus, the growth of Li dendrites is effectively suppressed via regulating the inner Helmholtz plane modified with LiInO2 to foster the desolvation of Li-ion and induce the nucleation of Li-metal in two-dimensions through electro-crystallization with Li-In alloy. Using the In2O3 modification, the Li-metal anode exhibits outstanding cyclic stability, and LMBs with lithium cobalt oxide cathode present excellent capacity retention (above 80% over 600 cycles). Enlightening, the scalable magnetron sputtering method reported here paves a novel way to accelerate the practical application of the Li anode in LMBs to pursue higher energy density.

inner Helmholtz plane

dendrite-free Li anodes

ultra-lithiophilic indium oxide

frequency radio magnetron sputtering

Li metal anodes

Författare

Yaqi Chen

Xi'an Jiaotong University

Xieyu Xu

Moscow State University

Leiwen Gao

Xi'an Jiaotong University

Guangyong Yu

Xi'an Jiaotong University

Olesya O. Kapitanova

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Autonomous Noncommercial Organization “ID&AS: Inter-Disciplinary & Advanced Studies Center”

Shizhao Xiong

Chalmers, Fysik, Materialfysik

Valentyn S. Volkov

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Autonomous Noncommercial Organization “ID&AS: Inter-Disciplinary & Advanced Studies Center”

Zhongxiao Song

Xi'an Jiaotong University

Yangyang Liu

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Xi'an Jiaotong University

Autonomous Noncommercial Organization “ID&AS: Inter-Disciplinary & Advanced Studies Center”

Small Methods

23669608 (eISSN)

Vol. In Press

Ämneskategorier

Oorganisk kemi

Materialkemi

Annan kemi

DOI

10.1002/smtd.202200113

PubMed

35277941

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2022-03-17