Interactions Between Water and Cellulose Esters
Licentiatavhandling, 2022

Biopolymers, which are produced from natural sources, are gaining interest as a potential replacement for fossil-based polymers. As such, they are already widely used in several industries, including the food, healthcare, and personal care industries. To harness the full potential of biopolymers as materials in new products designed for specific tasks, an ability to accurately predict their properties and how these properties change in different environments, is desirable. Hansen Solubility Parameters (HSP) combine dispersive, polar, and hydrogen bonding energies to understand interactions between molecules. This thesis explores the potential use of HSP as predictors of glass transition temperatures (Tg) and water interactions. It also focuses on elucidating the effect of an increased side-chain length of cellulose esters on their thermal properties, structural properties, and water interactions, together with how these properties are affected by the absorption of water. The cellulose esters studied here were cellulose acetate, cellulose acetate propionate, and cellulose acetate butyrate.
The HSP showed that the dispersive energy dominates the total cohesive energy, followed by the hydrogen bonding and then the polar energy. Counter-intuitively, the Tg decreased with an increased total cohesive energy. The HSP explained this phenomenon, namely, that the increased length of the substituents screened the short-range hydrogen bonds. A similar effect was observed for water solubility and penetration into the cellulose esters, which decreased with increasing side-chain lengths despite the approximately constant hydrogen bonding energies. This indicates the importance of focusing on each of the different interaction parameters instead of only the total HSP.

wide-angle X-ray scattering

Hansen Solubility Parameters

water diffusion

water absorption

glass transition

cellulose acetate

Pater Noster
Opponent: Susanna Abrahmsén Alami, AstraZeneca, Sweden

Författare

Robin Nilsson

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi, Anette Larsson Group

Screening of hydrogen bonds in modified cellulose acetates with alkyl chain substitutions

Carbohydrate Polymers,; Vol. 285(2022)

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Ämneskategorier

Polymerkemi

Analytisk kemi

Polymerteknologi

Teoretisk kemi

Organisk kemi

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Fundament

Grundläggande vetenskaper

Infrastruktur

Chalmers materialanalyslaboratorium

Styrkeområden

Materialvetenskap

Utgivare

Chalmers

Pater Noster

Online

Opponent: Susanna Abrahmsén Alami, AstraZeneca, Sweden

Mer information

Skapat

2022-04-04