Flow-level coordination of connected and autonomous vehicles in multilane freeway ramp merging areas
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

On-ramp merging areas are deemed to be typical bottlenecks for freeway networks due to the intensive disturbances induced by the frequent merging, weaving, and lane-changing behaviors. The Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs), benefited from their capabilities of real-time communication and precise motion control, hold an opportunity to promote ramp merging opera- tion through enhanced cooperation. The existing CAV cooperation strategies are mainly designed for single-lane freeways, although multilane configurations are more prevailing in the real-world. In this paper, we present a flow-level CAV coordination strategy to facilitate merging operation in multilane freeways. The coordination integrates lane-change rules between mainstream lanes, proactive creation of large merging gaps, and platooning of ramp vehicles for enhanced benefits in traffic flow stability and efficiency. The strategy is formulated under an optimization framework, where the optimal control plan is determined based on real-time traffic conditions. The impacts of tunable model parameters on the produced control plan are discussed in detail. The efficiency of the proposed multilane strategy is demonstrated in a micro-simulation environment. The results show that the coordination can substantially improve the overall ramp merging efficiency and prevent recurrent traffic congestions, especially under high traffic volume conditions.

Multilane freeway

Connected and autonomous vehicles

Microscopic traffic simulation


Coordinative ramp merging


Jie Zhu


Ivana Tasic

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Geologi och geoteknik

Xiaobo Qu


Multimodal Transportation

2772-5863 (ISSN)

Vol. 1 1 100005




Transportteknik och logistik




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