The Forces of Ecosystem Evolution
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

Ecosystems are the result of a delicate balance between centripetal forces that push economic activities toward integration, and centrifugal forces that pull economic activities out onto the market. Ecosystems evolve when these forces change. For example, technological complementarities-the main source of centripetal force-are dynamic and may be commoditized, generalized, or standardized over time. Management and coordination also change: for example, open innovation practices enable firms to move innovation activities from the in-house R&D lab out into the ecosystem. This article discusses how such dynamics in technologies and management lead to ecosystem evolution.

business model

innovation ecosystem

standard

design

complementarity

modularity

platform

business ecosystem

open innovation

Författare

Marcus Holgersson

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Entrepreneurship and Strategy

Carliss Y. Baldwin

Harvard Business School

Henry Chesbrough

University of California at Berkeley

Luiss Guido Carli University

Marcel L. A. M. Bogers

University of California at Berkeley

Köpenhamns universitet

Technische Universiteit Eindhoven

California Management Review

0008-1256 (ISSN)

Vol. 64 3 5-23

Ämneskategorier

Ekonomisk historia

Företagsekonomi

Kulturgeografi

DOI

10.1177/00081256221086038

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2022-04-28