A self-standing three-dimensional covalent organic framework film
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2023

Covalent crystals such as diamonds are a class of fascinating materials that are challenging to fabricate in the form of thin films. This is because spatial kinetic control of bond formation is required to create covalently bonded crystal films. Directional crystal growth is commonly achieved by chemical vapor deposition, an approach that is hampered by technical complexity and associated high cost. Here we report on a liquid-liquid interfacial approach based on physical-organic considerations to synthesize an ultrathin covalent crystal film. By distributing reactants into separate phases using hydrophobicity, the chemical reaction is confined to an interface that orients the crystal growth. A molecular-smooth interface combined with in-plane isotropic conditions enables the synthesis of films on a centimeter size scale with a uniform thickness of 13 nm. The film exhibits considerable mechanical robustness enabling a free-standing length of 37 µm, as well as a clearly anisotropic chemical structure and crystal lattice alignment.


Yizhou Yang

Göteborgs universitet

Yanyan Chen

Chalmers, Life sciences, Systembiologi

Fernando Izquierdo Ruiz

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemi och biokemi

Clara Schäfer

Göteborgs universitet

Martin Rahm

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemi och biokemi

Karl Börjesson

Göteborgs universitet

Nature Communications

2041-1723 (ISSN) 20411723 (eISSN)

Vol. 14 1 220


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