Investigating the hot molecular core, G10.47+0.03: A pit of nitrogen-bearing complex organic molecules
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2023

Context. Recent observations have shown that Nitrogen-bearing complex organic species are present in large quantities in star-forming regions. Thus, investigating the N-bearing species in a hot molecular core, such as G10.47+0.03, is crucial to understanding the molecular complexity in star-forming regions. They also allow us to investigate the chemical and physical processes that determine the many phases during the structural and chemical evolution of the source in star-forming regions. Aims. The aim of this study is to investigate the spatial distribution and the chemical evolution states of N-bearing complex organic molecules in the hot core G10.47+0.03. Methods. We used the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) archival data of the hot molecular core G10.47+0.03. The extracted spectra were analyzed assuming local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE). LTE methods are used to estimate the column density of observed species. Furthermore, robust methods such as Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) and rotational diagram methods are implemented for molecules for which multiple transitions were identified to constrain the temperature and column density. Finally, we used the Nautilus gas-grain code to simulate the nitrogen chemistry in the hot molecular core. We carried out both 0D and 1D simulations of the source. We compared the simulated abundances with observational results. Results. We report various transitions of nitrogen-bearing species (NH2CN, HC3N, HC5N, C2H3CN, C2H5CN, and H2NCH2CN) together with some of their isotopologues and isomers. Besides this, we also report the identification of CH3CCH and one of its isotopologues. We present detailed chemical simulation results to investigate the possible N-bearing chemistry in the source. Conclusions. In this study, various transitions of nitrogen-bearing molecules are identified and discussed. The emissions originating from vinyl cyanide, ethyl cyanide, cyanoacetylene, and cyanamide are compact, which could be explained by our astrochemical modeling. Our 0D model shows that the chemistry of certain N-bearing molecules can be very sensitive to initial local conditions such as density or dust temperature. In our 1D model, simulated higher abundances of species such as HCN, HC3N, and HC5N toward the inner shells of the source confirm the observational findings.

Methods: observational

Submillimeter: ISM

Line: profiles

ISM: abundances


Methods: data analysis


Suman Kumar Mondal

Indian Centre for Space Physics

Wasim Iqbal

Yunnan University

Prasanta Gorai

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Astronomi och plasmafysik

Indian Centre for Space Physics

Bratati Bhat

Indian Centre for Space Physics

Valentine Wakelam

Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux

Ankan Das

Institute of Astronomy Space and Earth Science

Astronomy and Astrophysics

0004-6361 (ISSN) 1432-0746 (eISSN)

Vol. 669 A71


Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi

Atom- och molekylfysik och optik



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