Amino acid-driven adsorption of emerging contaminants in water by modified graphene oxide nanosheets
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2023

Graphene oxide nanosheets have shown promising adsorption properties toward emerging organic contaminants in drinking water. Here, we report a family of graphene oxide nanosheets covalently modified with amino acids and the study on their adsorption properties toward a mixture of selected contaminants, including pharmaceuticals, additives, and dyes. Graphene oxides modified with l-glutamic acid and l-methionine (GO-Glu and GO-Met) were synthesized and purified with a scalable and fast synthetic and purification procedure, and their structure was studied by combined X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and elemental analysis. An amino acid loading of about 5% and a slight reduction (from 27% down to 14-20% oxygen) were found and associated with the adsorption selectivity. They were compared to unmodified GO, reduced GO (rGO), GO-lysine, and to the reference sample GO-NaOH. Each type of modified GO possesses a higher adsorption capacity toward bisphenol A (BPA), benzophenone-4 (BP4), and carbamazepine (CBZ) than standard GO and rGO, and the adsorption occurred within the first hour of contact time. The maximum adsorption capacity (estimated from the adsorption isotherms) was strictly related to the amino acid loading. Accordingly, molecular dynamics simulations highlighted higher interaction energies for the modified GOs than unmodified GO, as a result of higher van der Waals and hydrophobic interactions between the contaminants and the amino acid side chains on the nanosheet surface.


Sebastiano Mantovani

Consiglo Nazionale Delle Richerche

Tainah Dorina Marforio

Universita di Bologna

Sara Khaliha

Consiglo Nazionale Delle Richerche

Angela Pintus

Consiglo Nazionale Delle Richerche

Alessandro Kovtun

Consiglo Nazionale Delle Richerche

Francesca Tunioli

Consiglo Nazionale Delle Richerche

Laura Favaretto

Consiglo Nazionale Delle Richerche

Antonio Bianchi

Consiglo Nazionale Delle Richerche

Maria Luisa Navacchia

Consiglo Nazionale Delle Richerche

Vincenzo Palermo

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material och tillverkning

Consiglo Nazionale Delle Richerche

Matteo Calvaresi

Universita di Bologna

M. Melucci

Consiglo Nazionale Delle Richerche

Environmental Science: Water Research and Technology

2053-1400 (ISSN) 2053-1419 (eISSN)

Vol. 9 4 1030-1040


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