How is Location Measured in Housing Valuation? A Systematic Review of Accessibility Specifications in Hedonic Price Models
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018

Accessibility is frequently used for measuring location in housing studies, but specifications
of the measures differ greatly and its implications are hardly discussed. This paper sets out to
systematically review accessibility measures that are used in hedonic price models (HPM), a method
for estimating the implicit value of housing characteristics, such as location. From a systematic
database search of peer-reviewed journal articles, we examined 54 articles that applies accessibility
measures in hedonic price models that are based on three aspects of measure specification: type,
impedance, and opportunities. We find that there are clear couplings between different impedances,
types, and opportunities. We also noticed a tendency towards less advanced measurements, such as
Euclidean distance and zonal measures, being used. Furthermore, we argue that these basic measures
have a weaker connection to consumer perception, which is fundamental to the hedonic price
approach. We also observed a lack of consideration to how this coupling between type, impedance,
and opportunity could possibly affect the results. Theoretically, we can already conclude that some
dominating impedances poorly relate to the fundamental theories of HPM, but this also points to
the need for further research to empirically test the influence of the type-impedance-opportunity
specification on the price estimates in HPM.


systematic review


hedonic price model

consumer perception


Axel Heyman

The Oslo School of Architecture and Design (AHO)

Stephen Law

University College London (UCL)

Meta Berghauser Pont

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Stadsbyggnad

Urban Science

2413-8851 (ISSN)

Vol. 3 3


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