Pain and discomfort in children with gastrostomy tubes – In the context of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2023
Background: In children with malignant and severe non-malignant disorders undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), treatment related pain and discomfort are common. Food consumption may become troublesome, making the use of a gastrostomy tube (G-tube) necessary and resulting in complications, why the purpose was to explore pain and discomfort during the transplantation and post-transplantation time. Methods: This was a mixed methods study where data were collected along the child's total health-care process between 2018 and 2021. Questions with fixed answer options were used, simultaneously, semi-structured interviews were performed. In total, sixteen families participated. Descriptive statistics and content analysis were used to describe analysed data. Findings: Intense pain was common during the post-surgery phase, especially in conjunction with G-tube care, which is why the children needed support to manage the situation. After the post-surgery phase when the skin has healed, most of the children experienced minor to no pain or bodily discomfort, why the G-tube became a well-functioning and supportive tool in daily life. Conclusions: This study describes variations in and experiences of pain and bodily discomfort in conjunction with G-tube insertion in a unique sample of children who had undergone HSCT. In conclusion, the children's comfort in daily life after the post-surgery phase seemed to be only marginally affected by G-tube insertion. Children with severe non-malignant disorders seemed to experience a higher frequency and intensity of pain and bodily discomfort due to the G-tube than children with malignant disorders. Practice implications: The paediatric care team need competence in assessing G-tube related pain and awareness that experiences may differ depending on the child's disorder.
Stem cell transplantation