Emergence of traveling waves and their stability in a free boundary model of cell motility
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2023
We consider a 2D free boundary model of cell motility, inspired by the 1D contraction-driven cell motility model due to P. Recho, T. Putelat, and L. Truskinovsky [Phys. Rev. Lett. 111 (2013), p. 108102]. The key ingredients of the model are the Darcy law for overdamped motion of the acto-myosin network, coupled with the advection-diffusion equation for myosin density. These equations are supplemented with the Young-Laplace equation for the pressure and no-flux condition for the myosin density on the boundary, while evolution of the boundary is subject to the acto-myosin flow at the edge.The focus of the work is on stability analysis of stationary solutions and translationally moving traveling wave solutions. We study stability of radi-ally symmetric stationary solutions and show that at some critical radius a pitchfork bifurcation occurs, resulting in emergence of a family of traveling wave solutions. We perform linear stability analysis of these latter solutions with small velocities and reveal the type of bifurcation (sub-or supercritical). The main result of this work is an explicit asymptotic formula for the stability determining eigenvalue in the limit of small traveling wave velocities.