Low-Cost Center-Fed Slot Array Based on Gap Waveguide MLW Coaxial Line Technology for E-band Automotive Radar
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2024

This paper introduces an innovative center-fed slot array utilizing multilayer waveguide (MLW) coaxial line technology. The array consists of 3 columns with 8 in-line slots to narrow the beamwidth in the E-plane and H-plane, thus increasing the gain in the boresight direction. The slots are excited by the longitudinal currents created by a transverse electromagnetic (TEM) wave, which propagates within the coaxial line placed beneath them. Each column of the array is fed by a coupling slot placed in the center, thus mitigating beam squint over the operating frequency band. The aforementioned coupling slot directly couples the fields from an additional feeding line used for routing. The proposed design consists of 6 unconnected metal sheets which are stacked together. The use of gap waveguide technology prevents field leakage from any potential air gap among the layers, thus making assembly easier and more tolerant. A prototype with 2 side-by-side antennas is manufactured by using a quick, cost-effective, and suitable for mass production metal sheet process. The measurements agree very well with the simulations within the frequency band of interest from 76 to 81 GHz. The measured return loss is better than 10 dB. Furthermore, the realized gain is around 16 dBi with 37 degrees beamwidth in the E-plane and 16 degrees beamwidth in the H-plane. Additionally, the measurements of a back-to-back prototype show a loss of around 0.0179 dB/mm at 77 GHz for the coaxial transmission line. The properties of the radiation pattern make this element suitable for automotive long-range radar (LRR) applications.

Radar antennas

Transmission line measurements

Antenna arrays

multilayer waveguide (MLW)

gap waveguide (GWG)

Power transmission lines

millimeter wave

slot array antenna

electromagnetic bandgap (EBG)

Frequency measurement

Antenna measurements

Periodic structures


Juan Luis Albadalejo Lijarcio

Gapwaves AB

Abbas Vosoogh

Gapwaves AB

Carlo Bencivenni

Gapwaves AB

Ashraf Uz Zaman

Chalmers, Elektroteknik, Kommunikation, Antenner och Optiska Nätverk

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation

0018-926X (ISSN) 1558-2221 (eISSN)

Vol. In Press



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