Expanding the chemical space using a chemical reaction knowledge graph
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2024

In this work, we present a new molecular de novo design approach which utilizes a knowledge graph encoding chemical reactions, extracted from the publicly available USPTO (United States Patent and Trademark Office) dataset. Our proposed method can be used to expand the chemical space by performing forward synthesis prediction by finding new combinations of reactants in the knowledge graph and can in this way generate libraries of de novo compounds along with a valid synthetic route. The forward synthesis prediction of novel compounds involves two steps. In the first step, a graph neural network-based link prediction model is used to suggest pairs of existing reactant nodes in the graph that are likely to react. In the second step, product prediction is performed using a molecular transformer model to obtain the potential products for the suggested reactant pairs. We achieve a ROC-AUC score of 0.861 for link prediction in the knowledge graph and for the product prediction, a top-1 accuracy of 0.924. The method's utility is demonstrated by generating a set of de novo compounds by predicting high probability reactions in the USPTO. The generated compounds are diverse in nature and many exhibit drug-like properties. A brief comparison with a template-based library design is provided. Furthermore, evaluation of the potential activity using a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) model suggested the presence of potential dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) modulators among the proposed compounds. In summary, our results suggest that the proposed method can expand the easily accessible chemical space, by combining known compounds, and identify novel drug-like compounds for a specific target.


Emma Rydholm

AstraZeneca AB

Chalmers, Data- och informationsteknik, Data Science och AI

Tomas Bastys

AstraZeneca AB

Emma Svensson

AstraZeneca AB

Johannes Kepler Universität Linz (JKU)

Christos Kannas

AstraZeneca AB

Ola Engkvist

AstraZeneca AB

Chalmers, Data- och informationsteknik

Thierry Kogej

AstraZeneca AB

Digital Discovery

2635098X (eISSN)

Vol. In Press


Bioinformatik (beräkningsbiologi)

Organisk kemi



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