Exploring uncommon Fe-oxides in non-metallic inclusions in ultra-high-strength steel
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2024

Investigating non-metallic inclusions within ultra-high-strength-steel via conventional methods is a known: however, the challenge is to obtain chemical information of such inclusions at the sub-micrometer level. In this context, probing Fe-based oxide in inclusions is a vital aspect for guiding steel’ performance. The vibrational properties of sub micrometer size Fe-based oxides were investigated by Raman mapping along with chemometric analysis with the aim of probing their chemical composition. Highly contrasted Raman spectra were recorded from several inclusions embedded at different spatial locations. The observed spectral features were identified as specific markers of hematite (α-Fe2O3) and magnetite (Fe3O4). Principal Component Analysis was used to confirm the presence of these markers and potentially revealing additional patterns. Their unambiguous assignment has been inferred by comparing our experimental findings with the literature data recorded either in single crystals of iron oxides or oxyhydroxides. Micro-Raman spectroscopy is proven to be a reliable, cost-effective, and non-invasive tool for the unambiguous identification of subsurface regions of steel.

Principal component analysis

Low carbon steel

Raman mapping

Non-metallic inclusion

Fe-based oxides


Ekta Rani

Oulun Yliopisto

Vandna Kumari Gupta

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi

Francis Gyakwaa

Oulun Yliopisto

Mourad Kharbach

Oulun Yliopisto

LAB University of Applied Sciences

Harishchandra Singh

Oulun Yliopisto

Tuomas Alatarvas

Oulun Yliopisto

Anna Martinelli

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi

Timo Fabritius

Oulun Yliopisto

Marko Huttula

Oulun Yliopisto

Results in Materials

2590048X (eISSN)

Vol. 23 100598



Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap



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