Photoexcitation dynamics in an alternating polyfluorene copolymer
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2007

The authors used transient photoinduced absorption on femtosecond to nanosecond time scales as well as delayed fluorescence up to microseconds to study the photogeneration and recombination of charges in thin films of the alternating polyfluorene copolymer poly[2,7-(9,9-dioctylfluorene)-alt-5,5-(4',7'-di-2-thienyl-2',1',3'-benzothiadiazole)]. The authors interpret the results using a coupled rate equation model and find that the authors can fit all exptl. results with a single set of parameters. The model includes prompt (<0.1 ps) as well as slower (.apprx.0.1-1 ns) charge-pair formation, which the authors attribute to Coulombically bound intra- and interchain polaron pairs, resp. The intrachain polaron pairs are promptly generated from vibronically excited (hot) primary singlet excitons S1* and recombine geminately back to the lowest singlet exciton state S1 with a lifetime distribution having a mean lifetime of .apprx.2.4 ps. The interchain polaron pairs, which can be seen as precursors to free charges, are formed via 2 channels: via singlet excitons being dissocd. with a linear rate const. of .apprx.5 ns as well as via a time-dependent bimol. exciton-exciton annihilation process generating higher-energy exciton states Sn* of which a fraction subsequently dissocs. into interchain polaron pairs. The authors observe a total yield of 12%-23% interchain polaron pairs (a precursor to free polarons), depending on the excitation intensity used. This also defines the upper limit of the free polaron yield at zero elec. field in this material. The long-lived interchain polaron pairs recombine geminately back to the ground state or to singlet excitons with a broad distribution of lifetimes having a mean lifetime of .apprx.0.27 micro s. The fraction of interchain polaron pairs recombining back to singlet excitons, with subsequent radiative decay back to the ground state, gives rise to delayed fluorescence extending to microsecond time scales. [on SciFinder (R)]


M. Westerling

H. Aarnio

R. Osterbacka

H. Stubb

S. M. King

A. P. Monkman

Mats Andersson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Polymerteknologi

K. Jespersen

T. Kesti

A. Yartsev

V. Sundstrom

Phys. Rev. B: Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. FIELD Full Journal Title:Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics

Vol. 75 224306/1-224306/9