Analyses of the grouting results for a section of the APSE tunnel at Äspö Hard Rock Laboratory
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2008

Abstract The grouting results for a tunnel at a depth of 450 m in crystalline rock at Äspö HRL were studied. The aims were to investigate whether the methodology used resulted in a successful grouting design and producing a sufficiently dry tunnel, and whether grout penetration and inflow into the finished tunnel corresponded to the predictions. An analysis was made of data from an original cored borehole, drilled before the tunnel was constructed and mapped thoroughly with regard to fractures and transmissivities. The predicted inflow into the tunnel was calculated and found to be four times higher than the measured inflow. The latter was 5 l/min along the 70 m tunnel, considered to be a good result at the current depth. New cored control boreholes were drilled along a section of the tunnel. The inflow positions and quantities in these holes, and the positions of grout found in the corresponding cores, were compared with the data from the original borehole. It was found that at the predicted positions of larger fractures, grout was observed and there was no inflow, showing that these had been successfully sealed. At the predicted positions of small fractures, no grout was visible in the cores, and small inflows showed that the grout had not sealed these fractures. The results indicated that cement-based grout successfully sealed fractures down to a hydraulic aperture of about 50 μm but not below 30 μm. This concurs with the initial design aimed at sealing fractures larger than 50 μm.

Fractured rock

Grout penetration




Hydraulic aperture


Lisa Hernqvist

Chalmers, Bygg- och miljöteknik, Geologi och geoteknik

Åsa Fransson

Chalmers, Bygg- och miljöteknik, Geologi och geoteknik

Gunnar Gustafson

Chalmers, Bygg- och miljöteknik, Geologi och geoteknik

Ann Emmelin

Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co.

Magnus Eriksson

Håkan Stille

Chalmers University of Technology

International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Minings Sciences

1365-1609 (ISSN)

Vol. 46 439-449