Characterization of particulate emissions and methodology for oxidation of particulates from non-diesel combustion systems
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2008

Tailpipe particulate emissions, i.e., particle number, size distribution and total mass, from a series of four-cylinder engines with 2L displacement and power output of approximately 150 hp have been measured. The engines were in their respective vehicle installation, all midsize vehicles from various manufacturers, and represented different combustion concepts, i.e., port- and direct-injected vehicles and E5 and E85 fuels. The results are compared to post-Euro V emission standards for gasoline and biofuels using diesel as reference. The results show that the type of combustion and fuel significantly affect the particulate formation. In general, direct-injected engines show high particle numbers and mass compared to port-injected engines. The particulate number and total mass can be reduced by using biofuels, e.g., ethanol mixes, instead of gasoline. Moreover, an experimental procedure and setup facilitating precise studies of oxidation of particulates in realistic filter structures by well-controlled gas flow (composition and temperature) and sample (particulate load and temperature) conditions has been developed. The results from this method have been verified by using commercial soot as reference.

Författare

Per Ericsson

General Motors

M Holmström

General Motors

Annika Amberntsson Carlsson

General Motors

Carolin Wang-Hansen

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Kemisk reaktionsteknik

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Magnus Skoglundh

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Teknisk ytkemi

Bengt Andersson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Kemisk reaktionsteknik

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Per-Anders Carlsson

Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK)

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Teknisk ytkemi

SAE Technical Paper

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Styrkeområden

Nanovetenskap och nanoteknik

Transport

Energi

Materialvetenskap

Ämneskategorier

Kemiska processer

Annan kemiteknik

DOI

10.4271/2008-01-1746