Performance evaluation for aged environmentally adapted lubricants in bronze-steel sliding contacts
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2008

Environmentally adapted lubricants (EALs) are becoming of increasing interest to the industry as legislation demands the replacement of mineral oil lubricants. However, little or nothing is known about the infl uence of ageing on the performance of these fl uids in mixed and boundary lubricated tribological contacts. In this study, samples of three fully formulated lubricating oils, both in their ‘unaged’ form and ‘aged’ by means of an oxidation process in the laboratory, were utilized in a detailed study whereby variations in relative lubrication performance were examined. Standard laboratory pin-on-disc equipment was utilized in order to allow comparisons to be made and the defi nition of conclusions for a sliding tin bronze on steel contact. This simulated the interaction between an oil-lubricated bronze bushing and steel shaft as found in the vane adjustment mechanism of a Kaplan turbine. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis was employed to assess the effect on surface layer structural chemistry. Results showed, for the specifi c application being investigated, that EALs continue to function well in terms of their friction and wear performance even at high acid numbers.


D. M. C. McCarthy

S. B. Glavatskih

M. Pach

Alexander Dmitriev

Chalmers, Teknisk fysik, Bionanofotonik

J. Synthetic Lubrication

Vol. 25 115-


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