Body composition in the elderly: Reference values and bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy to predict total body skeletal muscle mass
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2009

BACKGROUND & AIMS: To validate the bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) model against dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), to develop and compare BIS estimates of skeletal muscle mass (SMM) to other prediction equations, and to report BIS reference values of body composition in a population-based sample of 75-year-old Swedes. METHODS: Body composition was measured by BIS in 574 subjects, and by DXA and BIS in a subset of 98 subjects. Data from the latter group was used to develop BIS prediction equations for total body skeletal muscle mass (TBSMM). RESULTS: Average fat free mass (FFM) measured by DXA and BIS was comparable. FFM(BIS) for women and men was 40.6kg and 55.8kg, respectively. Average fat free mass index (FFMI) and body fat index (BFI) for women were 15.6 and 11.0. Average FFMI and BFI for men were 18.3 and 8.6. Existing bioelectrical impedance analysis equations to predict SMM were not valid in this cohort. A TBSMM prediction equation developed from this sample had an R(pred)(2) of 0.91, indicating that the equation would explain 91% of the variability in future observations. CONCLUSIONS: BIS correctly estimated average FFM in healthy elderly Swedes. For prediction of TBSMM, a population specific equation was required.

fat free mass

body composition

bioelectrical impedance

skeletal muscle mass

dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry



Marja Tengvall

Göteborgs universitet

Lars Ellegård

Göteborgs universitet

Vibeke Malmros

Göteborgs universitet

Niklas Bosaeus

Göteborgs universitet

Lauren Lissner

Göteborgs universitet

Ingvar Bosaeus

Göteborgs universitet

Clinical Nutrition

0261-5614 (ISSN)

Vol. 28 1 52-58


Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi



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