Strategic monitoring for the European Water Framework Directive
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2006

This article first reviews the principal monitoring requirements of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) of the European Union (EU) and assesses how contaminant monitoring may fit into a risk-assessment approach. In this context, we show the limited ability of conventional trace-contaminant-monitoring methods to fulfil all of the WFD requirements. We then clearly define and exemplify the roles and the functions of a new set of monitoring tools, using three case studies based on datasets that we obtained during a field trial in the River Meuse as part of the Screening methods for Water data InFormaTion (SWIFT-WFD) project in support of implementing the WFD.

WFD

Passive sampling

Screen-printed electrode

Water Framework Directive

Sensor

Water quality

Environmental monitoring

Författare

Ian J. Allan

University of Portsmouth

Branislav Vrana

University of Portsmouth

Richard Greenwood

University of Portsmouth

Graham A. Mills

University of Portsmouth

Jesper Knutsson

Chalmers, Bygg- och miljöteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik

Arne Holmberg

Alcontrol Sweden

Nathalie Guigues

Bur. Rech. Geologiques et Minieres

Anne-Marie Fouillac

Bur. Rech. Geologiques et Minieres

Serena Laschi

Universita degli Studi di Firenze

TrAC - Trends in Analytical Chemistry

0165-9936 (ISSN)

Vol. 25 7 704-

Ämneskategorier

Miljövetenskap

DOI

10.1016/j.trac.2006.05.009

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2018-09-06