Association Between Genotypes and Phenotypes in Coeliac Disease.
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2009

BACKGROUND:: Coeliac disease (CD) is a genetically driven immunological intolerance to dietary gluten with a wide range of clinical presentations. The aim of this study was to investigate the heritability of the phenotype in CD and the influence on the phenotype of different genes associated with the disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: One hundred and seven families with at least 2 siblings with CD were collected. The patients were grouped in symptom grades on the basis of the clinical presentation, the age at diagnosis, and sex. Stratification analyses of the human leucocyte antigen-DQA1 and human leucocyte antigen-DQB1 genotypes, the CTLA4 +49A/G polymorphism, the CTLA4 haplotype MH30*G:-1147*T:+49*A:CT60*G:CT61*A and the 5q31-33 loci were done. RESULTS:: The heritability of the phenotype was estimated to be 0.45. Significant association and linkage was found between the clinical presentation and the CTLA4 +49A/G polymorphism but not for the other genotypes. No correlation was found between genotypes and age at diagnosis or sex. CONCLUSIONS:: Our results indicate that the heritability is determiner of the phenotype in CD. The CTLA4 +49A/G polymorphism is correlated to the clinical presentation: the AA genotype is associated with clinically silent disease.


Audur Gudjonsdottir

Göteborgs universitet

Staffan Nilsson

Chalmers, Matematiska vetenskaper, Matematisk statistik

Göteborgs universitet

Åsa Torinsson Naluai

Göteborgs universitet

Johan Ek

silja amundsen

Jan Wahlström

Göteborgs universitet

Henry Ascher

Göteborgs universitet

Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

0277-2116 (ISSN) 1536-4801 (eISSN)

Vol. 49 2 165-169







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