Characterization and application of forced cooling channels for traction motors in HEVs
Paper i proceeding, 2012
This paper presents the characterization of forced cooling channels with three different shapes which are applied in traction motors mounted in Hybrid Vehicles (HEVs) or Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEVs). Generally, there are two different positions of forced cooling channels in electric motors. One way is by drilling holes or cutting cooling channels inside the housing, which is called indirect cooling approach. The other way is to cut the cooling channels at the edges of housing or/and stator back to form direct cooling channels, where the coolant is in direct contact with the hot stator back. In both cases, choosing suitable shapes of cooling channels are necessary. In this paper, both heat transfer coefficient hf and pump power Wpump are calculated. The dimensional parameters are easily understood and also used for further thermal analysis of the completed machine by either Finite Element Analysis (FEA) or lumped parameter approaches. In addition, the dimensionless parameters Nusselt number Nu and Darcy friction factor f are evaluated with the aim to understand the characterizations for different channels. These parameters are easily used for further cooling channels optimization. In the end, the thermal analyses for a stator segment with three different shaped channels are carried on by applying the calculated results from Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations.