Landerierna i Göteborgs stadsbyggande
This thesis explores the relationship between town planning and the /landerier/* in Göteborg by using historical morphological analysis combined with geographical information systems (GIS). The growth of the /landerier/, gradually leased out after the city foundation in 1621 on the so-called donation land, is analyzed and described. Originally the /landerier/ were agricultural areas but gradually buildings were constructed, and, during the 1700s the plots developed into lavish environments, sometimes provided also with manor houses, parks etcetera. The industrial break-through in the 1800s affected the town development and caused dissolution of the /landeri/ institution. A pressing demand for expansion on the donation land outside the densely built town centre gave rise to the first comprehensive town plan for a substantial part of this area in 1866. Further plans followed, and around 1920 the donation land was almost entirely planned. The town expansion thus influenced the /landerier/ by claiming the sub-urban areas. But, at the same time, the /landerier/ influenced both plans and the actual building. The interaction between these reciprocal developments are examined by using morphological theories of geographers as M.R.G. Conzen, Rémy Allain and Lennart Améen. The morphological approach has enabled a system analysis, which indicates a structure of consistent elements informing building patterns of today, and identifies factors still forming the city. The use of historical map-overlays has provided an opportunity to analyze the complex totality of information on the city development processes of Göteborg, and to illustrate the related geographical and building processes.
* /Landeri/, plural /landerier/: a leasehold agricultural property on the donation land of the town, often with a manor house built on the plot.
town plan and expansion
geographical information systems [GIS]