Socio-environmental entrepreneurship and the provision of critical services in informal settlements
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2016

This paper contributes to the understanding of processes by which small-scale entrepreneurs who provide household waste collection in informal settlements succeed in formalized co-production of such services. The paper draws on the social and solidarity economy and social and environmental entrepreneurship theoretical frameworks, which offer complementary understandings of diverse strategies to tackle everyday challenges. Two questions are addressed: How do informal waste collection initiatives get established, succeed and grow? What are the implications of this transition for the entrepreneurs themselves, the communities, the environmental governance system and the scholarship? A case study is presented, based on three waste picker entrepreneurs in Kisumu, Kenya, who have consolidated and expanded their operations in informal settlements but also extended social and environmental activities into formal settlements. The paper demonstrates how initiatives, born as community-based organizations, become successful social micro-enterprises, driven by a desire to address socioenvironmental challenges in their neighbourhoods.

informal settlements / social and environmental entrepreneurship / social and solidarity economy / solid waste management


Jutta Gutberlet

University of Victoria

Jaan-Henrik Kain

Chalmers, Arkitektur

Belinda Nyakinya

Dickens Ochieng

Gasia Poa Waste Management Services

Nicholas Odhiambo

Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science & Technology

Michael Oloko

Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science & Technology

John Omolo

Maseno University

Elvis Ozondi

Clean Kisumu General Investment

Silas Otieno

Kisumu Waste Management Services and SWM Sacco Cooperative

Patrik Zapata

Göteborgs universitet

María José Zapata Campos

Göteborgs universitet

Environment and Urbanization

0956-2478 (ISSN)

Vol. 28 1 205-222


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Studier av offentlig förvaltning




Building Futures (2010-2018)



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