Large-area uniform graphene-like thin films grown by chemical vapor deposition directly on silicon nitride
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2011
Large-area uniform carbon films with graphene-like properties are synthesized by chemical vapor deposition directly on Si3N4/Si at 1000 degrees C without metal catalysts. The as deposited films are atomically thin and wrinkle- and pinhole-free. The film thickness can be controlled by modifying the growth conditions. Raman spectroscopy confirms the sp(2) graphitic structures. The films show ohmic behavior with a sheet resistance of similar to 2.3-10.5 k Omega/square at room temperature. An electric field effect of similar to 2-10% (V-G=-20 V) is observed. The growth is explained by the self-assembly of carbon clusters from hydrocarbon pyrolysis. The scalable and transfer-free technique favors the application of graphene as transparent electrodes.
chemical vapour deposition