Estimating car use rebound effects from Swedish microdata
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019

The direct rebound effect for private car transport was estimated by following a large sample of Swedish households (28,876) that acquired a new car in 2009. For some households, this resulted in an improvement in fuel efficiency, whereas others acquired a less or similarly fuel efficient car. The households' travel distances were measured and analysed for a period of 3 years before and 3 years after the car was replaced. This approach differs from previous econometric analyses in which fleet-average changes in distance travelled were studied, often using fluctuations in fuel cost as a proxy for changes in fuel efficiency. No significant bivariate relationship was found between changes in fuel efficiency and annual distance travelled but a multivariate analysis that also included changes in income, number of cars in the household, car weight and car power, resulted in a significant rebound effect of 24 %. Households who bought a car that was labelled 'green' did not exhibit any rebound effect, while households who bought a 'normal' car displayed a rebound effect of 32 %. This could indicate that households that buy a car with improved fuel efficiency for environmental reasons also avoid the economically induced rebound effect. The analysis did not indicate any significant differences in the rebound effect between different socio-demographic groups.


Rebound effect


Fuel efficiency


David Andersson

Göteborgs universitet

Ross Linscott

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Fysisk resursteori

Jonas Nässén

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Fysisk resursteori

Energy Efficiency

1570-646X (ISSN) 1570-6478 (eISSN)

Vol. 12 8 2215-2225

Peak car: analys av trender för bilanvändningen och deras betydelse för transportplaneringen

Formas (2014-1179), 2015-01-01 -- 2019-03-31.


Ekonomisk historia

Transportteknik och logistik




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